The College and the Institute are hosting the 17th Annual Rural Health Conference on April 27-28, 2016, at Bryant Conference Center, located on The University of Alabama campus. Visit the conference’s website to learn more.
All research projects conducted at University Medical Center must be approved by the College’s Associate Dean for Research and Health Policy prior to the initiation of the study.
Access online and digital resources to assist in your research.
The Institute for Rural Health Research may be able to assist in the following areas for individuals affiliated with the College of Community Health Sciences: research methods and design assistance, statistical analysis, data collection and management, manuscript development, research poster production, grant applications, management applications
The College awards grants of up to $2,500 to fund research projects by faculty. Priority is given to new faculty and those not previously funded under this mechanism.
|PSYCHIATRIC CO-MORBIDITY IN COLLEGIATE RECOVERY COMMUNITIES|
|PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Marisa Giggie, MD|
|OTHERS: Grace Hoover, John C. Higginbotham, PhD, Adam Downs, PhD|
|ABSTRACT: One in four college students meet criteria for a substance use disorder. This epidemic requires campuses to provide treatment and recovery services for students struggling with addictions of all types. Although the rate of co-occurring mental illness and substance abuse is high, the percentage of those that are receiving both mental health care and substance use treatment is low. Comprehensive psychiatric treatments for college students will be assessed via an online survey to college students participating in collegiate recovery communities throughout the United States.|
|FAITH-BASED ANTI-STIGMA INITIATIVE TO HEAL HIV/AIDS (PROJECT FAITHH)|
|PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Pamela Payne-Foster, MD|
|ABSTRACT: Project FAITHH centers around implementation of an anti-stigma clinical trial in rural Black churches in Alabama using curriculum developed by the Christian Council of Ghana. Stigma as well as HIV/AIDS knowledge will be assessed pre- and post-intervention in 240 church members from 12 congregations. Additional surveys and interviews with pastors and congregants and persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs) around spiritual health, HIV knowledge, stigma, congregational HIV/AIDS prevention activities and interactions between churches and PLWHAs will also be conducted to better inform the study in order to decrease new infections in the rural South.|
|THE POSSIBLE ROLE OF UNDIAGNOSED ADHD IN ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS AMONG UNIONIZED PRIVATE SECTOR DRIVERS IN GHANA: Road safety and other policy implications|
|PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Thaddeus Ulzen, MD|
|IMPORTANCE: Road traffic accidents (RTA) are consistently among the leading causes of mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. The presence of untreated ADHD has been linked with a higher rate of RTAs. In Ghana, many male school dropouts find employment by joining driver’s unions. The authors hypothesize that these drivers’ unions would likely have an over-representation of drivers with ADHD, increasing the risk of car accidents. Most national road safety programs in Africa are not informed by individual driver characteristics as a result, prevention efforts are not effectively targeted to modifying driver behaviors.|
|OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of ADHD among unionized drivers in Ghana whose vehicles tend to be over-represented in fatal road accidents.|
To explore the relationship between the presence of ADHD as determined by the ASRS and driving behaviors in this group of drivers.
To study driver behaviors by adapting a validated instrument used in the west, for Ghanaian driving conditions.
|DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY: In total, 199 unionized drivers in Ghana were screened with the 6-item ASRS, the DBS (Driving Behavior Survey) and the adapted JDQ (Jerome Driving Questionnaire). They were compared to 167 community controls. Driving behavior between the experimental and control groups were compared for associations between the presence of ADHD and driving behaviors as determined by the DBS and adapted JDQ.|
|RESULTS: Preliminary results from the ASRS screening showed a prevalence of ADHD of 17.6% in the experimental group versus 7.8% in the control group. Chi-Square = 7.7, df = 1, p = 0.006.|
|CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The prevalence of ADHD in the control group was consistent with WHO data on community prevalence of ADHD worldwide. The significantly higher prevalence rate of ADHD among unionized drivers sin this sample suggest that drivers who are recruited after academic failure have a greater likelihood of ADHD, which has been shown to be associated with a significantly higher rate of RTA. Screening of drivers for ADHD and provision of treatment may contribute significantly to reducing serious car accidents in Ghana and in other sub-Saharan African jurisdictions. Increased awareness of the contribution of ADHD to RTA may have the added benefit of stimulating early identification of children with ADHD and hence earlier treatment in such jurisdictions where knowledge of ADHD and its lifelong complications are largely unrecognized.|