The mission of the Rural Medical Scholars Program is to produce physicians for rural Alabama who are leaders in developing healthy communities. Ten qualified students from rural areas are chosen each year to enter the Rural Medical Scholars Program, a highly selective five-year medical education program of The University of Alabama and the University of Alabama School of Medicine (UASOM). If selected, a Rural Medical Scholar is enrolled at The University of Alabama in the year prior to entry into medical school (UASOM), takes coursework each semester related to rural health or the practice of primary care in rural areas, and participates in special seminars, community service projects and field trips that enrich his or her knowledge of what a career in rural medicine entails. Provided the student meets the entrance requirements for admission to UASOM, he or she has a reserved slot in the following year’s class. After two years of study in Birmingham, where UASOM is headquartered, Rural Medical Scholars return to the College of Community Health Sciences, which also functions as the Tuscaloosa Regional Campus for UASOM, for their third and fourth years of clinical education.